Online Journal of African Affairs
is an open access, double blind peer-reviewed, international,
journal that provides rapid continuous publication
of academic articles in all areas of African
studies with relation to politics, heritage
studies and management, archaeology, musicology,
landscape and environment, traditional knowledge
system, anthropology and ancient history,
literature, arts, cultural and social studies,
history, economic and security matters,
international affairs with linkage to immediate
regions, colonization, ethnicity,
regionalization, media, religion, races and
racism, education, military, growth and
development, health and medical issues peculiar
to Africans, issues relating to ECOWAS, SADC, etc. Generally, OJAA
covers all fields of studies such as; Social
sciences, Law, Education, Arts, Humanities,
Agricultural sciences, Biodiversity, Biological
(Life) sciences, Physical sciences, Engineering
and Technology, as well as Medicine, Medical
sciences, Environmental sciences, etc that
relates to Africans and Africa
OJAA is founded to publish proposals,
appraisals and reports of
The Journal welcomes the submission of
manuscripts that meet the general criteria of
significance and scientific excellence. Papers
would be published within 72 hours of acceptance
after thorough peer evaluation by the editorial
board. All articles are peer-reviewed.
Papers submitted must be with the understanding
that they have not been published and are not
currently under consideration.
The corresponding author is
responsible for ensuring that the article's
publication has been approved by all the
coauthors. Further correspondence and proofs
will be sent to the corresponding author before
publication unless otherwise indicated.
Electronic submission of
manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided
that the text, tables, and figures are included
in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in
Arial font, font size 12 and double line
Submit manuscripts as
e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: firstname.lastname@example.org
We will acknowledge receipt of the manuscript
and send a manuscript number to the
corresponding author within 48 hours of receipt
of the manuscript.
include the corresponding author's full names,
academic title, affiliation and telephone/fax
numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent
to the Editor, with the file, whose name should
begin with the corresponding author's surname,
as an attachment.
Structure of Article
Articles should begin with an
which should not be more than 250 words, indicating the major argument of the
article and its significance as an addition to existing knowledge or analysis.
A minimum of five (5) keywords that will provide
indexing to the references should be stated.
After the abstract should be the
INTRODUCTION which should
ordinarily provide a clear statement of the
There is no standard format, however, here are
some questions you might think about as you write your article:
What is this article about? In what way is it original? On what kind of research
is it based? Why is it important to contemporary observers? Who is it going to
interest? How will the argument of the article unfold?
Then you have to decide on a structure for your article.
There are various possibilities, however, here are
The chronological structure: The article takes the form of a description
of a historical process or period, with analytical insights along the way. The
structure unfurls like a series of events in time.
The comparative case-study structure: The author identifies a phenomenon
of general interest, describes the way in which the phenomenon has been
discussed in the academic literature, and then explores it further through
presenting a case study or studies.
The thematic structure: The author identifies a phenomenon of general
interest or concern, and then explores the phenomenon in a variety of different
The keyhole structure: The author looks into a small scale process in
order to gain a perspective on a wider social landscape.
The funnel structure: The article begins with a wide focus which then
narrows to a specific point, event or process. (In some ways this is a reverse
of the keyhole structure).
Other types of structure, and combinations of the various types, are
certainly possible. The important thing is to choose a structure that fits your
argument, and that will be easy for the reader to follow.
It is common also to add a
which picks up the various threads of the argument and pulls out their wider,
analytical significance. A final tip: articles often require some brief
historical background. If this does not come in the introduction itself, it
often makes sense to put it immediately after the introduction.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as
possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced
throughout, including headings and footnotes.
Each table should be
numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and
supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables
should be self-explanatory without reference to
the text. The same data
should not be presented in both table and graph
form or repeated in the text. Tables should be
prepared in Microsoft Word and the exact
positions of each table should be cited in the
body of the article (table 1).
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order. Graphics
should be prepared using applications capable of
generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or
PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word
manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to
designate figures and upper case letters for
their parts (figure 1). Begin each legend with a
title and include sufficient description so that
the figure is understandable without reading the
text of the manuscript. Information given in
legends should not be repeated in the text.
In-text citations should follow the APA format and it is advice that references should
not be more than ten (10) years old.
Ensure that the author's last
name and the year of publication in bracket are
used in the in-text citation. See example;
defined antigens as..... When the authors are
two (2), the reference should be cited as
and Kamsi (2014) defined antigens as..... If
the authors are more than two (2), then the name
of the first author and
should be used. E.g McLaren
(2015) have reported the presence of H.pylori
antigens in the glomerulu of membranous
Within a paragraph, you need not include the
year in subsequent references. E.g Smith (2002)
compared reaction times. Smith also found
that... The names of groups that serve as
authors (e.g. corporations, associations,
government agencies, and study groups) are
usually spelled out each time they appear in a
text citation. If it will not cause confusion
for the reader, names may be abbreviated
thereafter: First citation: (National Institute
of Mental Health [NIMH], 1999).
Subsequent citations: (NIMH, 1999). To cite a
specific part of a source, indicate the page,
chapter, figure, table or equation at the
appropriate point in the text: (Abdo &
2014, p. 10); (Williams, 1984, Chapter 3). When
citing a work which is discussed in another
work, include the original author's name in an
explanatory sentence, and then include the
source you actually consulted in your
parenthetical reference and in your reference
list. E.g Smith argued that...(as cited in
references should be listed under the heading
REFERENCES in their alphabetical order. For further
guidance, see below;
Bujard H, Peschke U, Beuk V, Gentz R, Le
Grice S (1985). Efficient utilization of Escherichia
coli transcriptional signals in Bacillus subtilis. J
Mol Biol, 186: 175-182.
Farrant JM, Mundree
SG (2002). Some physiological and molecular insights into the mechanisms of
desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophyta
In Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to
abiotic stresses in Agriculture: Role of Genetic
Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
Netherlands, pp 201-222.
Hirschl AM (1994). Helicobacter pylori: pathogens, pathomechanisms and epidemiology. Wien Klin
Wochenschr. 106(17): 538-42.
Kanbay M, Kasapoglu B, Turgut F, Uz E,
Bavbek N, Akcay A (2007). Helicobacter pylori: a major
risk factor for endothelial dysfunction? Med
Hypotheses. 69(1): 227-228.
Sugimoto T, Furukawa T, Maeda T, Somura M,
Uzu T, Kashiwagi A (2013). Marked reduction of proteinuria after eradication of gastric
Helicobacter pylori infection in a patient with
membranous nephropathy: coincidental or
associated? Intern Med, 46(17): 1483-1484.
Proofs and Reprints: Electronic
proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the
corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs
are considered to be the final version of the
manuscript. With the exception of typographical
or minor clerical errors, no changes will be
made in the manuscript at the proof stage.
Because OJAA will be published freely
online to attract a wide audience, authors will
have free electronic access to the full text (in
both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can
freely download the PDF file from which they can
print unlimited copies of their articles.
Fees and Charges: Publication
of an article in OJAA is not contingent upon the
author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is
acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee
that the paper will be accepted for publication.
Authors that may not be able to pay the $400,
can request that the editorial office reduce the
fee to an amount that the author can afford to
pay. We only accept payment of handling fee
after manuscript has been accepted for
publication. The handling fee is used for the
smooth operation of the journal. As an open
access journal, OJAA does not charge
subscription fees to authors and researchers for
viewing or downloading published articles. To
successfully provide open access, OJAA use a
model in which our expenses—including
those of peer review, journal production,
employees salary, water bills, online
advertising of published articles (through our
publication alert services), electricity bills,
expenses on purchasing diesel for plant, tax and
online hosting and archiving—are recovered in
part through the publication fee.
Online Journal of Social Sciences Research
Online International Journal of Arts and Humanities
Online Journal of Education Research (OJER)
complete list of journals