Online International Journal of Arts and Humanities
(ISSN 2277-0852) is
an open access journal that provides rapid
continuous publication of articles in
all perspectives and on all subjects pertaining
arts and humanities such as
psychology and counseling, policy studies,
history and culture, music and dance, library
and information science, media and
communication, English and literature, African
studies and development, Asian studies and
development, the middle east, language and
culture, fine and studio art, physical
education, sport management, philosophy,
conflict resolution, rules of arbitration, legal
medicine, copyright law, property law,
The Journal welcomes the submission of
manuscripts that meet the general criteria of
significance and scientific excellence. Papers
will be published approximately one month after
submission upon acceptance by the editorial
board. All articles are peer-reviewed.
Papers submitted must be with the understanding
that they have not been published elsewhere and
are not under consideration by another
journal published by ONLINE RESEARCH JOURNALS or
any other publisher.
The corresponding author is
responsible for ensuring that the article's
publication has been approved by all the
coauthors. Further correspondence and proofs
would be sent to the corresponding author before
publication unless otherwise indicated.
Electronic submission of
manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided
that the text, tables, and figures are included
in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in
Arial font, font size 12 and double line
Submit manuscripts as
e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: firstname.lastname@example.org
An acknowledgement mail bearing the manuscript
number would be sent to the corresponding author within 48 hours of receipt.
include the corresponding author's full names,
academic title, school address and telephone/fax
numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent
to the Editor, with the file, whose name should
begin with the corresponding author's surname,
as an attachment.
Five types of manuscripts may be submitted:
Regular (Research) articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings,
and experimental procedures should be given in
sufficient detail for others to verify the work.
A regular article must contain Introduction,
Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and
Conclusion sections. The length of a full paper
should be the minimum required to describe and
interpret the work clearly.
Review Articles: A review article is expected to provide a summary
and/or a synthesis of the findings of selected
research contributions being published by other
authors. The main purpose of a review article is
to examine the current state of the relevant
publications on a given topic and to initiate a
discussion about the research methodologies and
the findings related to the said topic.
Therefore, a review article should contain a
comprehensive list of supporting references
being thoroughly cited in the text. The
structure of a review article may differ from
the structure of a regular paper due to the
optional omission of some basic sections such
as: Introduction, Analytic Model, Materials and
Methods, Results, and/or Discussion. Sometimes
it is difficult to classify a paper submission
as a review article.
of reviews and perspectives covering topics of
current interest are welcome and encouraged.
Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6
printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages).
Reviews are also peer-reviewed.
Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results
of complete small investigations or giving
details of new models or hypotheses, gene
isolation and identification, innovative
methods, techniques or apparatus. Short communication is not intended to publish preliminary
results. Only if these results are of
exceptional interest and are particularly
topical and relevant will be considered for
The style of
main sections need not conform to that of
full-length papers. Short communications are 2
to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript
pages) in length. Short communication is not
intended to publish preliminary results. Only if
these results are of exceptional interest and
are particularly topical and relevant will be
considered for publication.
This category is for special items that are
original research or review articles. This
commentaries, case studies, case report,
opinions, literature reviews, historical
reviews, and the like. Essays are commissioned,
non-exhaustive review-type peer-reviewed articles that are aimed at students and
non-specialist readers with the aim of informing and inspiring those with a
limited background in a subject/topic. Essays can also be a venue for new and
challenging ideas and are often more opinionated than Research and Review
articles. Essays are between 1500 and 4500 words long with no more than 50
references. Essays are also to be peer reviewed.
Letters from any of the editors are published
monthly on matters of topical interest.
Editorials are not to be peer reviewed.
Our Review Process
All manuscripts are reviewed by minimum of two
(2) external reviewers, members of the
reviewers’ board, or editors. Decisions will be made as
rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to
return reviewers’ assessment to
authors within 2 weeks of author’s submission.
The editorial board will re-review (for
publication approval) manuscripts that are
accepted pending revision by the author. It is
the goal of OIJAH to publish
manuscripts as soon as same are accepted by the editorial board
after peer evaluation.
All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and
all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should
be a brief phrase describing the contents of the
paper. The Title Page should include full names
of all the authors' and affiliations
(institutional addresses), the name of the
corresponding author should be asterisk (*) and
the corresponding author’s phone, fax and E-mail
information should be provided. Present
addresses of authors should appear as a
The Abstract should
be informative and completely self-explanatory,
briefly present the topic, state the scope of
the experiments, indicate significant data, and
point out major findings and conclusions. The
Abstract should be100 to 250 words in
length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and
the third person should be used, and the
abstract should be written in the past tense.
Standard nomenclature should be used and
abbreviations should be avoided. No literature
should be cited. It should be in
A minimum of five (5) keywords that will provide
indexing to the references should be stated.
A list of non-standard Abbreviations should
be added and clearly written at the last page of
the manuscript. In general, non-standard
abbreviations should be used only when the full
term is very long and used often. Each
abbreviation should be spelled out and
introduced in parentheses the first time it is
used in the text. Only recommended SI units
should be used. Authors should use the solidus
presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations
(such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.
provide a clear statement of the problem, the
relevant literature on the subject, and the
proposed approach or solution. It should be
understandable to colleagues from a broad range
of scientific disciplines.
MATERIALS AND METHODS should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced.
However, only truly new procedures should be
described in detail; previously published
procedures should be cited, and important
modifications of published procedures should be
mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and
include the manufacturer's name and address.
Subheadings should be used. Methods in general
use need not be described in detail.
RESULTS should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should
be written in the past tense when describing
findings in the authors' experiments. Previously
published findings should be written in the
present tense. Results should be explained, but
largely without referring to the literature.
Discussion, speculation and detailed
interpretation of data should not be included in
the Results but should be put into the
interpret the findings in view of the results
obtained in this study and compare to past
studies on this topic. The Results and
Discussion sections can include subheadings, and
when appropriate, both sections can be combined.
Conclusion State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as
possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced
throughout, including headings and footnotes.
Each table should be on a separate page,
numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and
supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables
should be self-explanatory without reference to
the text. The details of the methods used in the
experiments should preferably be described in
the legend instead of in the text. The same data
should not be presented in both table and graph
form or repeated in the text. Tables should be
prepared in Microsoft Word and the exact
positions of each table should be cited in the
body of the article (table 1).
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics
should be prepared using applications capable of
generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or
PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word
manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to
designate figures and upper case letters for
their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a
title and include sufficient description so that
the figure is understandable without reading the
text of the manuscript. Information given in
legends should not be repeated in the text.
References: In-text citations should follow the APA format and it is advice that references should
not be more than ten (10) years old.
Ensure that the author's last
name and the year of publication in bracket are
used in the in-text citation. See example; Kogosi (2011)
defined antigens as..... When the authors are
two (2), the reference should be cited as Kogosi
and Julius (2011) defined antigens as..... If
the authors are more than two (2), then the name
of the first author and
should be used. E.g Kogosi
(2011) have reported the presence of H.pylori
antigens in the glomerulu of membranous
Within a paragraph, you need not include the
year in subsequent references. E.g Smith (1997)
compared reaction times. Smith also found
that... The names of groups that serve as
authors (e.g. corporations, associations,
government agencies, and study groups) are
usually spelled out each time they appear in a
text citation. If it will not cause confusion
for the reader, names may be abbreviated
thereafter: First citation: (National Institute
of Mental Health [NIMH], 1999)
Subsequent citations: (NIMH, 1999). To cite a
specific part of a source, indicate the page,
chapter, figure, table or equation at the
appropriate point in the text: (Nwenne & Onyia,
2012, p. 10); (Wilmarth, 1981, Chapter 3). When
citing a work which is discussed in another
work, include the original author's name in an
explanatory sentence, and then include the
source you actually consulted in your
parenthetical reference and in your reference
list. E.g Smith argued that...(as cited in
references should be listed under the heading
REFERENCES in their alphabetical order. For further
guidance, see below;
Bujard H, Peschke U, Beuk V, Gentz R, Le
Grice S (1985). Efficient utilization of Escherichia
coli transcriptional signals in Bacillus subtilis. J
Mol Biol, 186: 175-182.
Farrant JM, Mundree
SG (2002). Some physiological and molecular insights into the mechanisms of
desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophyta
In Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to
abiotic stresses in Agriculture: Role of Genetic
Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
Netherlands, pp 201-222.
Hirschl AM (1994). Helicobacter pylori: pathogens, pathomechanisms and epidemiology. Wien Klin
Wochenschr. 106(17): 538-42.
Kanbay M, Kasapoglu B, Turgut F, Uz E,
Bavbek N, Akcay A (2007). Helicobacter pylori: a major
risk factor for endothelial dysfunction? Med
Hypotheses. 69(1): 227-228.
Sugimoto T, Furukawa T, Maeda T, Somura M,
Uzu T, Kashiwagi A (2013). Marked reduction of proteinuria after eradication of gastric
Helicobacter pylori infection in a patient with
membranous nephropathy: coincidental or
associated? Intern Med, 46(17): 1483-1484.
Short Communications are limited to a maximum of
two figures and one table. They should present a
complete study that is more limited in scope
than is found in full-length papers. The items
of manuscript preparation listed above apply to
Short Communications with the following
differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100
words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and
Methods section, experimental procedures may be
incorporated into Figure Legends and Table
footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be
combined into a single section.
This category is for special items that are not
original research articles - such as expert
commentaries, opinions, literature reviews,
historical reviews, and the like. Essays has no
Proofs and Reprints: Electronic
proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the
corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs
are considered to be the final version of the
manuscript. With the exception of typographical
or minor clerical errors, no changes will be
made in the manuscript at the proof stage.
Because OIJAH will be published freely
online to attract a wide audience, authors will
have free electronic access to the full text (in
both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can
freely download the PDF file from which they can
print unlimited copies of their articles.
Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not
been published before (except in the form of an
abstract or as part of a published lecture, or
thesis) that it is not under consideration for
publication elsewhere; that if and when the
manuscript is accepted for publication, the
authors agree to automatic transfer of the
copyright to the publisher.
FEES AND CHARGES: The
handling fee for each article irrespective of
the numbers of authors is $400. Publication
of an article in OIJAH is not contingent upon the
author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is
acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee
that the paper would be accepted for publication.
Authors that may not be able to pay the $400,
can request that the editorial office reduce the
fee to an amount that the authors could afford to
pay. We only accept payment of handling fee
after manuscript had been accepted for
publication. The handling fee is used for the
smooth operation of the journal. As an open
access journal, OIJAH does not charge
subscription fees to authors and researchers for
viewing or downloading published articles. To
successfully provide open access, OIJAH use a
model in which our expenses—including
those of peer review, journal production,
employees salary, water bills, online
advertising of published articles (through our
publication alert services), electricity bills,
expenses on purchasing diesel for plant, tax and
online hosting and archiving—are recovered in
part through the publication fee.
Online Journal of Social Sciences Research (OJSSR)
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