Online International Journal of Arts and Humanities

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Online International Journal of Arts and Humanities (ISSN 2277-0852) is an open access journal that provides rapid continuous publication of articles in all perspectives and on all subjects pertaining to arts and humanities such as psychology and counseling, policy studies, history and culture, music and dance, library and information science, media and communication, English and literature, African studies and development, Asian studies and development, the middle east, language and culture, fine and studio art, physical education, sport management, philosophy, law, criminology, conflict resolution, rules of arbitration, legal medicine, copyright law, property law, etc. The Journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately one month after submission upon acceptance by the editorial board. All articles are peer-reviewed.


Papers submitted must be with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and are not under consideration by another journal published by ONLINE RESEARCH JOURNALS or any other publisher.


The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the coauthors. Further correspondence and proofs would be sent to the corresponding author before publication unless otherwise indicated.


Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Arial font, font size 12 and double line spacing).


Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: ijah@onlineresearchjournals.org or ijah.onlineresearch@yahoo.com.  An acknowledgement mail bearing the manuscript number would be sent to the corresponding author within 48 hours of receipt.


The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full names, academic title, school address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the corresponding author's surname, as an attachment.


Article Types

Five types of manuscripts may be submitted:


Regular (Research) articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. A regular article must contain Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion sections. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.


Review Articles: A review article is expected to provide a summary and/or a synthesis of the findings of selected research contributions being published by other authors. The main purpose of a review article is to examine the current state of the relevant publications on a given topic and to initiate a discussion about the research methodologies and the findings related to the said topic. Therefore, a review article should contain a comprehensive list of supporting references being thoroughly cited in the text. The structure of a review article may differ from the structure of a regular paper due to the optional omission of some basic sections such as: Introduction, Analytic Model, Materials and Methods, Results, and/or Discussion. Sometimes it is difficult to classify a paper submission as a review article. Submissions of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed.


Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, gene isolation and identification, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. Short communication is not intended to publish preliminary results. Only if these results are of exceptional interest and are particularly topical and relevant will be considered for publication. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length. Short communication is not intended to publish preliminary results. Only if these results are of exceptional interest and are particularly topical and relevant will be considered for publication.


Essays: This category is for special items that are neither original research or review articles. This category includes commentaries, case studies, case report, opinions, literature reviews, historical reviews, and the like. Essays are commissioned, non-exhaustive review-type peer-reviewed articles that are aimed at students and non-specialist readers with the aim of informing and inspiring those with a limited background in a subject/topic. Essays can also be a venue for new and challenging ideas and are often more opinionated than Research and Review articles. Essays are between 1500 and 4500 words long with no more than 50 references. Essays are also to be peer reviewed.


Editorials: Letters from any of the editors are published monthly on matters of topical interest. Editorials are not to be peer reviewed.


Our Review Process

All manuscripts are reviewed by minimum of two (2) external reviewers, members of the reviewers’ board, or editors. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ assessment to authors within 2 weeks of author’s submission. The editorial board will re-review (for publication approval) manuscripts that are accepted pending revision by the author. It is the goal of OIJAH to publish manuscripts as soon as same are accepted by the editorial board after peer evaluation.


Regular articles


All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.


The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include full names of all the authors' and affiliations (institutional addresses), the name of the corresponding author should be asterisk (*) and the corresponding author’s phone, fax and E-mail information should be provided. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.


The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be100 to 250 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited. It should be in the format:


Keywords: A minimum of five (5) keywords that will provide indexing to the references should be stated.


A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added and clearly written at the last page of the manuscript. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations (such as ATP and DNA) need not be defined.


INTRODUCTION should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.


MATERIALS AND METHODS should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.


RESULTS should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.


DISCUSSION should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this study and compare to past studies on this topic. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.


Conclusion State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.


Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word and the exact positions of each table should be cited in the body of the article (table 1).

Figure legends 
should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.


References: In-text citations should follow the APA format and it is advice that references should not be more than ten (10) years old. Ensure that the author's last name and the year of publication in bracket are used in the in-text citation. See example; Kogosi (2011) defined antigens as..... When the authors are two (2), the reference should be cited as Kogosi and Julius (2011) defined antigens as..... If the authors are more than two (2), then the name of the first author and et al. should be used. E.g Kogosi et al. (2011) have reported the presence of H.pylori antigens in the glomerulu of membranous patients. Within a paragraph, you need not include the year in subsequent references. E.g Smith (1997) compared reaction times. Smith also found that... The names of groups that serve as authors (e.g. corporations, associations, government agencies, and study groups) are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. If it will not cause confusion for the reader, names may be abbreviated thereafter: First citation: (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 1999)
Subsequent citations: (NIMH, 1999). To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the page, chapter, figure, table or equation at the appropriate point in the text: (Nwenne & Onyia, 2012, p. 10); (Wilmarth, 1981, Chapter 3). When citing a work which is discussed in another work, include the original author's name in an explanatory sentence, and then include the source you actually consulted in your parenthetical reference and in your reference list. E.g Smith argued that...(as cited in Andrews, 2011).


Cited references should be listed under the heading REFERENCES in their alphabetical order. For further guidance, see below;




Bujard H, Peschke U, Beuk V, Gentz R,  Le Grice  S (1985). Efficient utilization of Escherichia coli transcriptional signals in Bacillus subtilis. J Mol Biol, 186: 175-182.


Farrant JM, Mundree SG (2002). Some physiological and molecular insights into the mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophyta viscasa Baker.  In Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to abiotic stresses in Agriculture: Role of Genetic Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp 201-222.


Hirschl AM (1994). Helicobacter pylori: pathogens, pathomechanisms and epidemiology. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 106(17): 538-42.


Kanbay M, Kasapoglu B, Turgut F, Uz E, Bavbek N, Akcay A (2007). Helicobacter pylori: a major risk factor for endothelial dysfunction? Med Hypotheses. 69(1): 227-228.


Sugimoto T, Furukawa T, Maeda T, Somura M, Uzu T, Kashiwagi A (2013). Marked reduction of proteinuria after eradication of gastric Helicobacter pylori infection in a patient with membranous nephropathy: coincidental or associated? Intern Med, 46(17): 1483-1484.


Short Communications

Short Communications are limited to a maximum of two figures and one table. They should present a complete study that is more limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The items of manuscript preparation listed above apply to Short Communications with the following differences: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3) Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.


Essays: This category is for special items that are not original research articles - such as expert commentaries, opinions, literature reviews, historical reviews, and the like. Essays has no definite format.


Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file.  Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.  Because OIJAH will be published freely online to attract a wide audience, authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in both HTML and PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.


FEES AND CHARGES: The handling fee for each article irrespective of the numbers of authors is $400. Publication of an article in OIJAH is not contingent upon the author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the paper would be accepted for publication. Authors that may not be able to pay the $400, can request that the editorial office reduce the fee to an amount that the authors could afford to pay. We only accept payment of handling fee after manuscript had been accepted for publication. The handling fee is used for the smooth operation of the journal. As an open access journal, OIJAH does not charge subscription fees to authors and researchers for viewing or downloading published articles. To successfully provide open access, OIJAH use a model in which our expenses—including those of peer review, journal production, employees salary, water bills, online advertising of published articles (through our publication alert services), electricity bills, expenses on purchasing diesel for plant, tax and online hosting and archiving—are recovered in part through the publication fee.



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